Glossary  
 

Note: Links go to a page outside this service that explains the term in more detail.

Adjudication - The process of making a determination (decision) on an issue to see if benefits can be paid. Montana Unemployment Insurance laws and rules are used to make these decisions.

Appeal - You or the employer can appeal a redetermination if you believe it is contrary to the law or facts or if you have new information that could affect the decision. An appeal must be filed within 10 calendar days from the date of the Notice of Determination.

Base Period - The base period is the first four of the last five completed calendar quarters at the time you open your initial claim for benefits. Monetary eligibility is based upon how much you earned during this base period.

Benefit Offset - When a benefit overpayment has occurred, one method for you to repay the amount is to have it deducted from future benefits.

BIF - Companion Week - This will occur when you indicate you do not wish to file for or have excess hours and/or earnings for 1 week. This constitutes the first week of a Break in Filing. The next week is considered the "BIF -Companion Week". If you do not file for or have excess hours and/or earnings the next week, then you will have a Break in Filing. If you file for the week and do not have excess hours and/or earnings the week may be a payable week.

Biweekly Claim - Montana pays benefits biweekly. This means you call and file for benefits for two weeks at a time.

Break in Filing - This situation occurs when your claim has gone inactive because for two consecutive weeks you either did not claim for benefits, worked full time, or had excess earnings (2 times your weekly benefit amount). In order to continue filing you will have to reactivate your claim via our website, or by calling the Claims Processing Center.

BWE - Benefit Week Ending - Each benefit week begins on Sunday and ends at midnight the following Saturday.

BYB - Benefit Year Beginning - Your benefit year starts on Sunday of the week you call to open your initial claim.

BYE - Benefit Year Ending - Your benefit year lasts 52 or 53 weeks. When one benefit year ends, you must call the Claims Processing Center for your area or utilize this service to start a new claim.

Calendar icon - A calendar link, usually left of a date field. Can be activated by left clicking with the mouse or tabbing to it and hitting the enter key. It will display a calendar, which can be used to select a date that will populate in the date field.

Check box - A box field in the application, which is completed by using your mouse to click on the field. You can also use the space bar to display the check mark within the field. Select one or more options from the set of alternatives.

Claim Effective Date - The date a benefit year starts and is always a Sunday (same as BYB).

Claim End Date - The last day of the claim year (see BYE).

Claims Examiner - A person who will make a decision on your eligibility to receive benefits.

Claims Processing Center - The Helena and Billings Telephone Centers to call for personal assistance. (Phone numbers are listed at the beginning of the Benefits Rights and Information booklet)

Click on - A way to make your selection by using your mouse to click on the button which is the correct answer or gets you to the next page. (You can also use your tab key, arrow keys and space bar to get to and make the selections you need)

CSR - Customer Service Representative - The person who will help you with your claim when you call the Claims Processing Center for your area.

CWC - Combined Wage Claim - A claim using base period wages from two or more states to determine monetary eligibility for benefits.

Determination - A decision of benefit eligibility based on legislated eligibility criteria.

Direct Deposit - payments are electronically deposited into claimant's designated savings or checking account.

Double Dip - You must have worked and earned 6-times your weekly benefit amount since the beginning date of your previous claim. If you haven't this is called a double dip and you will be disqualified until you have earned 6 times your weekly benefit amount.

Drop down - A box with an arrow, usually to left of a field

Drop down arrow - The arrow in the drop down box that can be activated by left clicking with the mouse or tabbing to it and hitting the enter key.

EB - Extended Benefits - A special program created by the federal government that becomes effective when certain levels of high unemployment occur and last for at least 13 weeks. It allows for benefits to be paid beyond the normal monetary and time limits.

Fact Finding - The process of gathering information (facts) about an act or circumstance that might affect eligibility for benefits.

FEIN - Federal Employer Identification Number

Full-time Work - Work that generally consists of 40 hours or more per week.

Gross Misconduct - A criminal act, other than a violation of a motor vehicle traffic law, for which an individual has been convicted in a criminal court or to which the individual has admitted guilt. It also includes conduct that demonstrates a flagrant and wanton disregard of, and for, the rights or title or interest of a fellow employee or the employer.

Hover over - A box or oval which displays additional information regarding a word or phrase. This box is displayed when the cursor is focused over the word or phrase, which is underlined with a dotted line.

Important Information - Instructions or general information boxes that coincide with the fields on the page you are completing.

IB - Interstate [Benefit] Claim - A claim filed against a state other than the one in which the claimant is living.

Initial Claim - The first time you call the Claims Processing Center for your area and open a claim for unemployment insurance benefits, you are opening an initial claim.

Issue (or Eligibility Issue) - Any act or circumstance that is potentially disqualifying.

IWC - Insufficient Wage Credits - Term used to define a claim that doesn't have enough wages in the base period to be eligible. Also referred to as "monetarily ineligible."

Job Attached - If you have an agreement with your employer of returning to full-time work, with an anticipated date of return, or you have a job offer for full-time work with an anticipated start date, you might be job attached. The employer must agree that you are job attached.

Maximum Benefit Amount (MBA) - The maximum amount of benefits you can potentially collect during your benefit year. It is based on the wages you earned in your base period.

Misconduct - Deliberate or careless disregard of your employer's or another employee's rights or interests. If it is shown that you were discharged for misconduct, it will disqualify you from receiving unemployment insurance benefits.

Monetary Determination - A written statement that tells you if you are monetarily eligible, how much you are eligible to receive, your benefit year start and end dates, and wages reported by the employers you worked for in the base period.

Monetary Eligibility - Your monetary eligibility is based on the wages you were paid in the base period of your claim.

Non-monetary Determination - A decision that allows or denies benefits based upon the facts obtained on your reason for separation, availability for work, ability to work, etc., or whether or not you responded to requests from the Unemployment Insurance Division.

Non-monetary Eligibility - Based upon legislated criteria relative to your reason for separation, availability for work, ability to work, etc., you are able to receive benefits as long as you are monetarily eligible.

Overpayment - This occurs when you receive more benefits than you are entitled to receive.

Partial Benefits - You may be eligible to receive a partial or lower amount of weekly benefits while you are working part-time.

PIN - Personal Identification Number - A 4-digit number you select that, along with your Social Security Number, identifies you to UI4U when you use this service. Your PIN cannot be all zeros (0000).

Primary Occupation - The type of job you have the most experience in, you have worked at most recently, and/or you are qualified to do.

Radio button - A single field within the application, usually circular like the round dial on a radio. The field is completed using your mouse to click inside the field to highlight the space, or by tabbing to the field and highlighting it with your space bar. These fields usually correspond to Yes and No questions. Select just one option from a set of alternatives.

Reactivate - Reopen your initial claim, which has become inactive. (See Reopen)

Redetermination - You or your employer can request a redetermination if either of you believe a determination issued is contrary to the law or facts, or if you have new information that could affect the decision.

Register for Work - Individuals who are claiming benefits and are not job attached or union attached, as determined by our agency, are required to register at the Job Service office in their area for assistance, and to make regular contact with that Job Service office.

Reopen - This is when you are reactivating your initial claim prior to the Benefit Year ending (BYE) date. Your claim is inactive because for two consecutive weeks you either; did not claim benefits, worked full time, or had excess earnings (2 times your weekly benefit amount).

School Employment - If you have worked for a school during the base period of your claim you will receive two monetary determinations, one calculating your benefit amount including your school employment wages (High monetary) and one using only wages earned from other employment (Low monetary). If it is determined you have reasonable assurance of returning to school employment after a scheduled school break or between school terms your benefit amount will be based on your "Low" monetary. If it is determined you do not have reasonable assurance of returning to school employment after a scheduled school break or between school terms your benefit amount will be based on your "High" monetary.

Secondary Occupation - Another type of work you would be willing to accept that you are qualified to do.

Self-employed - Earning income directly from one's own business, trade, or profession rather than as a specified salary or wages from an employer. If you receive a 1099 tax form, rather than a W2, then you are probably self-employed.

Submit Button - When selected, form is sent to the specified address in the action setting.

TAA - Trade Adjustment Assistance - A program designed to assist dislocated workers who have lost their jobs due to foreign imports. NAFTA-TAA is a similar program, designed to assist those who have lost their jobs because of Canadian or Mexican imports, or the relocation of their employment to those countries.

Telephone Center - See Claims Processing Center

TRA - Trade Readjustment Allowance - Eligible workers may receive these benefits after their regular unemployment benefits have run out. Generally, to receive these benefits, individuals must be participating in a TAA-approved training program.

Claims Processing Center - One of the two locations, Helena or Billings, where you call to open, reopen, or receive assistance with your UI claim. See map and information inside the front cover for the Claims Processing Center in your area.

UCFE - Unemployment Compensation for Federal Employees.

UCX - Unemployment Compensation for Ex-Military Employees.

UI - Unemployment Insurance

Union Attached - An active union member who gets work through the union hiring hall and is on the out of work list. If you are union attached, you must be available for work through your union hall.

Waiting Week - The first eligible week you claim for benefits. You will not be paid for this week, but you must call and claim for the week in order to receive credit for it as your waiting week.

WBA - Weekly Benefit Amount - The maximum amount you may be eligible to receive for one week if you don't have any reported earnings that week.

Work Search - You are required to make a minimum of one work search contact per week and keep a written record of the contact, unless you are job attached or union attached.